Scholars from Britain, US, Denmark and Armenia led by Professor Levon Yepiskoposyan have been examining prehistoric caves near the village of Azokh in Artsakh (Mountainous Karabagh) and found unique artifacts from different periods, among them a tooth from a human who lived 7000 years ago. Due to the cave’s climate, DNA was preserved inside the tooth and was send to Copenhagen University’s (Denmark) genetics department for examination. The results of this inquiry have revealed that the genetic makeup of the tooth belonging to an individual 7000 years ago perfectly matches with the genetic makeup of modern Armenians.
The caves near the village of Azokh are unique sites that have preserved organic traces from various periods of our history. Since the excavations at Azokh started in 2002, the team led by Dr. Tania King (Blanford Museum, UK) has uncovered hundreds, if not thousands, of bones of the giant and now extinct cave bear (Ursus speleaus). In addition to countless remains of mammals archaeologists have now found evidence for three different species of hominid – Homo heidelbergensis, Homo neanderthalensis, and Homo sapiens. The fossil records are exceptionally rich and demonstrate that paleonthological data alone from Alexan Uze cave could define the cave as a regionally important scientific discovery. The book Azokh Cave and the Transcaucasian Corridor (2016) provides more information about the cave.
The human tooth was discovered in the Alexan Uzes, cave which preserved human DNA. Referring to this cave, Yepiskoposyan added: “Here we found a tooth of a human who lived on the territory of Karabakh, about seven thousand years ago. DNA can be preserved in teeth for very long periods of time, as we know.”
“As a result, it was found that the genes of our distant ancestors correspond with those of modern Armenians,” he continued.